Methadone is a synthetic (man-made) narcotic.
German scientists synthesized methadone during World War II because of a shortage of morphine.
Methadone was introduced into the United States in 1947 as an analgesic (Dolophine®).
As of January 1, 2008, manufacturers of methadone hydrochloride tablets 40 mg (dispersible) have voluntarily agreed to restrict distribution of this formulation to
only those facilities authorized for detoxification and maintenance treatment of opioid addiction, and hospitals.
Although chemically unlike morphine or heroin, methadone produces many of the same effects.
Methadone is a Schedule II drug under the Controlled Substances Act. While it may legally be used under a doctor’s supervision, its non-medical use is illegal.